What is an unbalanced wheel?An unbalanced wheel is any device capable of repeated rotation in whichany given point along the circumference is eitherA. prone to stop in a given position along that circumference as opposed toany other, regardless of the amount of force inputted into rotating thewheel, orB. prone to rotate indefinitely according to the principle of having aconstant and recoverable force which acts on one half of the wheel morethan the other.My unbalanced wheel, which I call "Principled Asymmetry" fits definition A. toa tee, (Second Iteration now present at Motive Mass Experimentation Photos)but in its present manifestation is incapable of perpetuating its own motion.However I have been speculating that not all of the momentum generated by theweight on the downward cycle is lost on the upward cycle, especially if someenergy continues to be inputted.How can an unbalanced wheel produce energy if it is not a perpetual motionmachine, without draining power?In order to generate energy, a wheel only need be more efficient atrotation. This is similar to aerodynamics or fuel efficiency. A wheel witha single heavy arm may lose all its energy before it rotates once. A wheelwith three heavy spokes will rotate for a long time if you input enoughforce: its more efficient than one arm. However, to keep it rotating youwould need to input the same amount of force, an equal constant currentof fuel or electricity.However, a wheel that is over-unity would actually become more efficientas it reaches an optimal speed. There are a number of principles operating inmy Principled Asymmetry which I believe to be indicators that it has potentialfor over-unity, while it remains non-perpetual:A. Force applied on a weight that is about to fall increases the force of thatweight when it impacts something; there is a reciprocal, cumulative effectbetween force applied at a height, and gravity, that is, assuming the weight has not reached its maximum velocity.B. When a weight is supported directly by the axle of the wheel withoutapplying any torque to the wheel, it has no negative or positive effects onthe weight of the wheel, and no negative effects on the wheel structure  inthe form of torque that contributes to friction.C. When the upper impact of a difference weight is transferred to two fixedcounterbalance arms beneath, the force causes the arms to tip sidewaysuntil the difference weight is accounted for.D. If sufficient force is inputed, the counterbalance arms swing upward,where they begin to balance one another, reaching a position where theywould need a downward centering force to keep them from tipping in onedirection or the other. However at this point the difference weight issupported by the axle and not by the structure of the wheel, so it cannotkeep the arms from tipping in one direction or the other.E. If the counterbalance arms did stop while balanced precariously over theaxle, I am supposing that a small push would produce some energy in thesame way that the difference weight would transfer energy, by forceexentuated by gravity. Note that at this point the difference weight issupported by the axle, and at least for a few degrees, does not resist theaccumulation of force.Thus, to sum up, Principled Asymmetry might generate power given aconstant power input, due to two effects:A. When the balanced counterweights reach the top they meet with noinitial resistance from the difference weight, and are thereforeunbalanced in force.B. When the difference weight reaches the top it is positioned in such a waythat its weight is thrown downward. Providing almost equal torque to thecounterweights, it lifts the counterweights about 90 degrees (assuming nopower input), reducing the minimum force necessary to raise thecounterweights.RETURN TO N. COPPEDGE'S BEST EVIDENCERETURN TO N. COPPEDGE'S MAIN PERPETUAL MOTION PAGE              NATHANCOPPEDGE.COM
 This page was created in Oct. 2006I reserve the right to modify for clarity.
 QuickReference:Photos 1Photos 2Related MetalstickMotivMassCritique
 To see  historicalexamplesthat areNOTunbalancedsee:Gramatke
 Page last modified 6/2009